Conflict diamonds are rough diamonds from regions controlled by rebel groups, particularly in areas of Africa. Also known as blood diamonds, they are sold to finance the weapons trade and thus
further fuel civil conflicts.To stop these diamonds entering the legitimate markets, a number of countries set up the Kimberley Process, a regulatory process for the international trade in rough
Currently, a total of 54 countries that produce or trade rough diamonds are involved in this process. These countries undertake to trade only diamonds that have
an official certificate of origin from their home country.